絶対に覚えたい!TOEIC頻出単語500語まとめ

TOEIC 単語_150806.001

日本人のTOEICスコアが伸び悩む場合、おそらくそのほとんどが単語力不足が原因だ。

Part5(単語穴埋め問題)だけにかかわらず、単語を知らないと長文読解問題で内容が頭に入ってこないし、リスニングでも音声を理解することができない。しかし、多くのビジネスパーソンには英単語をゆっくり暗記している時間はないことが実情だ。

そこで本稿では、TOEICの目標スコアごとに最低でも知っておきたい頻出単語を、500〜900点までの100点刻みでそれぞれ100ほどピックアップした。まずはこれらを覚えることで、単語力の下地をつけよう。

尚、効果的な単語の勉強方法は別項目にまとめている。

*目次

1. 目標スコア500点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

2. 目標スコア600点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

3. 目標スコア700点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

4. 目標スコア800点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

5. 目標スコア900点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

TOEIC頻出単語の一覧を説明します

1. 目標スコア500点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

単語 品詞 意味 例文
 access  アクセス、通行権  The facilities have been adapted to give access to wheelchair users.
 afford  余裕がある  My parents can’t even afford a new refrigerator.
 amount  量  He needs that amount of money to survive. 
 approximate  おおよそ  The approximate cost varies from around $150 to $250.
 arrange  手配する  She arranged an appointment for Friday afternoon at four-fifteen.
 bill  請求書  They couldn’t afford to pay the bills.
 book  予約する American officials have booked hotel rooms for the women and children. 
 budget 予算   Someone had furnished the place on a tight budget.
 CEO  最高経営責任者  –
 charge  請求する  The architect charged us a fee of seven hundred and fifty dollars.
 check 動   確認する  Check the accuracy of everything in your résumé.
 colleague  同僚  Without consulting his colleagues, he flew from Los Angeles to Chicago.
 committee  役員会  …the school yearbook committee.
 condition 状態  He remains in a critical condition in a California hospital. 
 confirm 確認する   The spokesman confirmed that the area was now in rebel hands.
 consider  よく考える  We don’t consider our customers to be mere consumers; we consider them to be our friends.
 construction  建設  Jim now works in construction.
 contain 動   含む  The envelope contained a Christmas card.
 contract  契約  The company won a hefty contract for work on Chicago’s tallest building.
 convenient  便利な  …a flexible and convenient way of paying for business expenses.
 corporate  法人の  …top U.S.corporate executives.
 current  現在の Under normal conditions, the ocean currents of the tropical Pacific travel from east to west. 
 deadline  締め切り  We were not able to meet the deadline because of manufacturing delays.
 deal  取引  …a great deal of money.
 demand  要求する  Human rights groups are demanding an investigation into the shooting.
 despite 〜にもかかわらず  She has been under house arrest for most of the past decade, despite efforts by the United Nations to have her released.
 divide  分ける The physical benefits of exercise can be divided into three factors.
 downstairs 副   階下へ Denise went downstairs and made some tea.
 effect  効果

Parents worry about the effect of music on their adolescent’s behavior.

 efficient  効率的な  With today’s more efficient contraception women can plan their families and careers.
 equipment  設備  …computers, electronic equipment and machine tools.
 event  出来事、イベント  A new inquiry into the events of the day was opened in 2002.
 except  〜を除いて I wouldn’t have accepted anything except a job in New York. 
 executive  (企業等の)役員  …an advertising executive.
 exhibition 展示会   …an exhibition of expressionist art.
 expand 動   拡張する  Engineers noticed that the pipes were not expanding as expected.
 expense  費用  He’s bought a big TV at vast expense so that everyone can see properly.
 familiar  慣れている  He talked of other cultures as if they were more familiar to him than his own.
 figure  数字  It would be very nice if we had a true figure of how many people in this country haven’t got a job. 
 firm  企業  The firm’s employees were expecting large bonuses.
 fold  畳む  He folded the paper carefully. 
 form 名   フォーム、形式  I am against hunting in any form.
 fundamental  根本的な Our constitution embodies all the fundamental principles of democracy. 
 gain  得る  Students can gain valuable experience by working on the campus radio or magazine.
 gathering 集まり   …the twenty-second annual gathering of the South Pacific Forum.
handle  扱う   To tell the truth, I don’t know if I can handle the job.
 hardly  ほとんど〜ない  I’ve hardly slept in three days.
 headquarters 本社   …fraud squad officers from Chicago’s police headquarters.
 hold  保つ、かかえる  Hold the knife at an angle.
 immediate  直ちに  These tragic incidents have had an immediate effect.
 indicate  示唆する  A survey of retired people has indicated that most are independent and enjoying life.
 inspect  詳しく調べる  Elaine went outside to inspect the playing field.
 install 動  インストールする、取り付ける   They had installed a new phone line in the apartment.
 interest 名   興味  There has been a lively interest in the elections in the last two weeks.
 interview  面接  The interview went well.
 invest  投資する  Many people don’t like to invest in stocks.
 long-term

 長期の  They want their parents to have access to affordable long-term care.
 meantime 名   その間  Eventually your child will leave home to lead her own life, but in the meantime she relies on your support.
 neighbor 隣人   My neighbor spies on me through a crack in the fence.
 notification 通知  Names of the dead and injured are being withheld pending notification of relatives.
 passenger  乗客  Mr.Fullemann was a passenger in the car when it crashed.
 payment  支払い  Thousands of its customers are behind with loans and mortgage payments.
 personnel  職員、スタッフ  Since 1954 Japan has never dispatched military personnel abroad.
 position  ポジション、位置  The ship was identified, and its name and position were reported to the Coast Guard.
 prefer  〜をより好む Does he prefer a particular sort of music?  
 previous  以前の  She has a teenage daughter from a previous marriage.
 profit  利益  The bank made pre-tax profits of $6.5 million.
 promote 動   昇進する  You don’t have to sacrifice environmental protection to promote economic growth.
 proposal  申し込み  The president is to put forward new proposals for resolving the country’s constitutional crisis.
 punctual (時間に)正確な  He’s always very punctual.I’ll see if he’s here yet. 
purchase   購入する  He purchased a ticket and went up on the top deck.
 qualification 名   資格  “Do you have any qualifications?”—”Yes, I’m certified to teach high school.”
 receipt  レシート  I wrote her a receipt for the money.
 recently  最近  The bank recently opened a branch in Miami.
 reduce  減らす It reduces the risks of heart disease. 
 refer  参照する  In his speech, he referred to a recent trip to Canada.
 refund  払い戻し  Face it – you’ll just have to take those cowboy boots back and ask for a refund.
 register 登録する   Thousands lined up to register to vote.
 remain 動   とどまる  The three men remained silent.  
 repair  修復する  Goldsmith has repaired the roof to ensure the house is windproof.
 replace  置き換える ne species of tree replaces another as a forest ages. 
 require  必要とする  If you require further information, you should consult the registrar.
 reservation  予約  I told him my main reservation about his film was the ending.
 result 名   結果 Compensation is available for people who have developed asthma as a direct result of their work. 
 resume  履歴書 After the war he resumed his duties at Wellesley College. 
 revenue 名   売上  …a boom year at the movies, with record advertising revenue and the highest ticket sales since 1980.
 serve  (食事等を)提供する  It is unfair to soldiers who have served their country well for many years.
 shelf 棚   He took a book from the shelf.
 ship  出荷する We’ll ship your order to the address we print on your checks. 
 short-term  短期の Investors weren’t concerned about short-term profits over the next few years. 
 sign 標識、表示   Equations are generally written with an equal sign.
 therefore  それゆえ  Muscle cells need lots of fuel and therefore burn lots of calories.
 unfortunately  不幸にも  Unfortunately for him, his title brought obligations as well as privileges.
 update  アップデートする  Airlines would prefer to update rather than retrain crews.
upgrade 動   アップグレードする  Helicopters have been upgraded and modernized.
 vacant  空の Halfway down the bus was a vacant seat. 
 valuable  価値の高い  Many of our teachers also have valuable academic links with Heidelberg University.
 variety 多様性、種類  Susan’s idea of freedom was to have variety in her life style. 
workshop 講習会  Trumpeter Marcus Belgrave ran a jazz workshop for young artists.
 worth 動  価値がある A local jeweler says the pearl is worth at least $500. 

2. 目標スコア600点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

 単語  品詞  意味  例文
 absolutely  副  間違いなく  Joan is absolutely right.  
accommodation   名  宿泊施設  The government will provide temporary accommodations for up to three thousand homeless people.
accomplished  形  熟練した  She is an accomplished painter and a prolific author of stories for children.
 account  名 口座   Some banks make it difficult to open an account.
 agenda  名  議題  Does television set the agenda on foreign policy?
 apparently  副  明らかに  Apparently the girls are not at all amused by the whole business.
 beforehand  副  前もって  How could she tell beforehand that I was going to go out?
board   名  板 …a cutting board. 
 bound  形 〜する運命にある   We are as tightly bound to the people we dislike as to the people we love.
 branch  名 枝、支店   …the upper branches of a row of pines.
 brochure 名   パンフレット  …travel brochures.
 cabinet  名  引き出し  She looked in the medicine cabinet and found some aspirin.
 cashier  名  レジ係  –
 caution  名  注意  Extreme caution should be exercised when buying used tires.
 clerk  名  (ホテル等の)係、クラーク  She was offered a job as a clerk with a travel agency.
 combine  動  結合する  The Church has something to say on how to combine freedom with responsibility.
 commute 動   通勤する  Mike commutes to Miami every day.
 compete  動  競合する  The banks have long competed with American Express’s charge cards and various store cards.  
 confidential  形  機密の  She accused them of leaking confidential information about her private life.
 consist  動  〜なる  My diet consisted almost exclusively of chocolate-covered cookies and glasses of milk.
 consume  動  消費する  Martha would consume nearly a pound of cheese per day.
 contact  名  契約  Opposition leaders are denying any contact with the government in Kabul.
 cupboard  名 食器棚   The kitchen cupboard was stocked with cans of soup and food.
 deserve  動 〜に値する   Government officials clearly deserve some of the blame as well.
 desirable  形  望ましい  Prolonged negotiation was not desirable.
 development  名  開発  He firmly believes that education and a country’s economic development are key factors to progress.
 dig  動  掘る  I grabbed the spade and started digging.
 dock  名  (港の)ドック  She headed for the docks, thinking that Ricardo might be hiding in one of the boats.
 electricity  名  電気  We moved into a cabin with electricity but no running water.
 eliminate  動  削減する  Recent measures have not eliminated discrimination in employment.
 essential  形  本質的な  It was absolutely essential to separate crops from the areas that animals used as pasture. 
 exactly  副  正確に、まさしく  Each corner had a guard tower, each of which was exactly ten meters in height.
 exchange  動  交換する、両替する  We exchanged addresses.
 expert  名  エキスパート  …a yoga expert.
 extend  動  伸ばす  The caves extend for some 12 miles.
 fault  名  失敗  There was no escaping the fact: it was all his fault.
 fluently  形  流暢に  She studied eight foreign languages but is fluent in only six of them.
 former  形   前の The unemployed executives include former sales managers, directors and accountants.   
 grade  動  格付けする  Dust masks are graded according to the protection they offer.
 hallway  名  (米英語)廊下  They took the elevator up to the third floor and walked along the quiet hallway.
 heavily  副  重苦しく  “I didn’t even think about her,” he said heavily.
 highly  副  非常に  Mr.Singh was a highly successful salesman.
 imply  動  示唆する  “Are you implying that I have something to do with those attacks?” she asked coldly.
 independent 形  独立した   Your questions should be independent of each other.  
 industrious  形  勤勉な   She was an industrious and willing worker.
 inquiry  名  質問  He made some inquiries and discovered she had gone to Connecticut.
 institution  名  組織、施設 …financial institutions. 
 interpret  動  解釈する  The fact that they had decided to come was interpreted as a positive sign
intersection  名   交差点  We crossed at a busy intersection.
 invoice  名 送り状   We will then send you an invoice for the total course fees.
 itinerary  名  旅程 The next place on our itinerary was Sedona. 
 largely  副  主として  The fund is largely financed through government borrowing.
 last  動  続く  The games lasted only half the normal time.
 latter  名  後者  He tracked down his cousin and uncle.The latter was sick.
 laundry 名   洗濯物 I’ll do your laundry. 
 lay  動  置く  Mothers routinely lay babies on their backs to sleep.
 lean  動  寄りかかる  Eileen leaned across and opened the passenger door.
 manually  形  手作業で  …skilled manual workers.
 market  名 市場   He sold boots at a market stall.
 minimize  動 最小化する   Concerned people want to minimize the risk of developing cancer.
 occupied  動  占有する  There were over 40 tenants, all occupying one wing of the building.
 official  形  公式の  According to the official figures, over one thousand people died during the revolution.
 option  名  選択肢  He’s argued from the start that the US and its allies are putting too much emphasis on the military option.
 origin  名  起源  Their medical problems are basically physical in origin.
 overcome  動  乗り越える  Molly had fought and overcome her fear of flying.
 paycheck 名   (給料用の)支払い小切手  I just get a small paycheck every month.
 permit  動  許可する  He can let the court’s decision stand and permit the execution.
 pour  動 注ぐ   Pour a pool of sauce on two plates and arrange the meat neatly. 
 press  名  報道機関  …freedom of the press.
 priority  名  優先順位  The government’s priority is to build more power plants.
 purely  副  純粋に  It is a racing machine, designed purely for speed.
 related  形  関連する  The philosophical problems of chance and of free will are closely related.
 reliable  形  信頼できる She was efficient and reliable. 
 residence  名  住宅  The house is currently run as a country inn, but could easily convert back into a private residence.
 resign  動  辞任する  A hospital administrator has resigned over claims he lied to get the job.
 resource  名 資源   Some families don’t have the resources to feed themselves adequately.
 review  名  見直し The president ordered a review of U.S.economic aid to Jordan. 
 seek  動  探す  They have had to seek work as laborers.
 senior  形  上司  …the company’s senior management.
 severe  形  厳しい  Shortages of professional staff are very severe in some places.
 sharply  形  鋭い  With a sharp knife, make diagonal slashes in the chicken breast.
 shortage  名  不足  A shortage of funds is preventing the UN from monitoring relief.
shuttle   名  シャトルバス  There is a free 24-hour shuttle between the airport terminals.
 significant  形 重大な   Most 11-year-olds are not encouraged to develop reading skills; a small but significant number are illiterate.
 similar  形 似ている   The accident was similar to one that happened in 1973.
 site  名  場所、敷地  I was working as a foreman on a building site.
 skilled  形  スキルのある  Few doctors are actually trained, and not all are skilled, in helping their patients make choices.
 stock  名  株 …the buying and selling of stocks and shares. 
 structure  名  構造  The typical family structure of Freud’s patients involved two parents and two children.
 submit  動  提出する  They submitted their reports to the chancellor yesterday.
 subscribe  動  定期購読する  I’ve personally never subscribed to the view that either sex is superior to the other.
 sweep  動  (ほうき等で)はく The owner of the store was sweeping his floor when I walked in. 
 temporarily  形 一時的な   His job here is only temporary.
 trade  名 貿易   Texas has a long history of trade with Mexico.
 typical  形  典型的な  Cheney is everyone’s image of a typical cop: a big white guy, six feet, 220 pounds.
 up-to-date  形 最新の  Web services are always up-to-date and available. 
 wage  名  賃金  His wages have gone up.
 wheel  名  車輪 The car wheels spun and slipped on some oil on the road. 
 width  名  幅  The road was reduced to 18 ft in width by adding parking bays.
withdraw 引き出す He reached into his pocket and withdrew a sheet of notepaper.

3. 目標スコア700点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

 単語  品詞  意味 例文 
accelerate 加速させる Growth will accelerate to 2.9 percent next year.
accept  動 受け入れる All those invited to next week’s peace conference have accepted.
accustomed  形 慣れている I was accustomed to being the only child at a table full of adults.
acknowledge  動  認める Naylor acknowledged, in a letter to the judge, that he was a drug addict.
acquire  動  獲得する General Motors acquired a 50% stake in Saab for about $400m.
aircraft 名  航空機 The return flight of the aircraft was delayed.
alternative  名 代替案、代替品 New ways to treat arthritis may provide an alternative to painkillers.
amazing  驚くべき It’s amazing what we can remember with a little prompting.
anticipate  動 予想する At the time we couldn’t have anticipated the result of our campaigning.
apply  動 適用する I am continuing to apply for jobs.
arise  動  起こる  …if a problem arises later in the pregnancy.
artificial  形 人工的な The city is dotted with small lakes, natural and artificial.
assign  動 任命する  When I taught, I would assign a topic to children that they would write about.
assure  動  確信させる He hastened to assure me that there was nothing traumatic to report.
attend  動 出席する Thousands of people attended the funeral.
autograph  名  (有名人などの)サイン He went backstage and asked for her autograph.
balance  名  バランス I’d like to check the balance in my account please.
banquet  名 宴会 …this week’s Greater Cleveland Sports Commission awards banquet.  
belongings  名 持ち物 I collected my belongings and left.
capture  動 とらえる The guerrillas shot down one airplane and captured the pilot.
cargo 積み荷 The boat calls at the main port to load its regular cargo of bananas.
ceiling  名 天井  The rooms were spacious, with tall windows and high ceilings.
certificate 名  証明書 To the right of the fireplace are various framed certificates.
collaborate 動  協力する Much later he collaborated with his son Michael on the English translation of a text on food production.
commerce  名  商業 They have made their fortunes from industry and commerce.
commit  動  〜を犯す I have never committed any crime.
convention  名  しきたり It’s just a social convention that men don’t wear skirts.
cope  動 処理する It was amazing how my mother coped with bringing up three children on less than thirty dollars a week.
correspond  動  一致する Racegoers will be given a number which will correspond to a horse running in a race.
delighted  形  喜んで  I know Frank will be delighted to see you.
department  名 部門 He moved to the sales department.
detail  名 細部 The details of the plan are still being worked out. 
determine  動 決定する The size of the chicken pieces will determine the cooking time.
device  名  デバイス、端末 …the electronic device that tells the starter when an athlete has moved from his blocks prematurely.
diner  名 食事をする人 They sat in a corner, away from other diners.
distance  名  距離 …the distance between the island and the nearby shore.
donate  寄付する He frequently donates large sums to charity.
enclose  動  同封する The rules state that samples must be enclosed in two watertight containers.  
enormous 巨大な The main bedroom is enormous.
exclude 〜を除く  Many of the youngsters feel excluded.
 expire  動  (期限が)切れる He had lived illegally in the United States for five years after his visitor’s visa expired. 
 fasten  動  締める  She got quickly into her Mini and fastened the seat-belt.
 forward  副  前方へ  He came forward with his hand out.”Mr.and Mrs.Selby?” he said.
frequent   形  頻繁に起こる  Bordeaux is on the main Paris-Madrid line so there are frequent trains.
 generous  形  気前の良い  Dietler is generous with his time and money.
 household 名   世帯  …growing up in a male-only household.
 incredible  形  信じられない  The wildflowers will be incredible after this rain.
 infer  動  推測する  I inferred from what she said that you have not been well.
 initiate  動  始める  They wanted to initiate a discussion on economics.
 inn  名  宿泊施設  …the Waterside Inn.
 innovative  形  革新的な  …products which are cheaper, more innovative and more reliable than those of their competitors.
 instructive  形  ためになる  …an entertaining and instructive documentary.
interaction  動  相互作用  While the other children interacted and played together, Ted ignored them.
 irregular  形  不規則な  Cars passed at irregular intervals.
 launch 動  発射する   NASA plans to launch a satellite to study cosmic rays.
 luxurious  形  豪華な  Our honeymoon was two days in Las Vegas at a luxurious hotel called Le Mirage.
 manage  動  経営する、管理する  There is a lack of confidence in the government’s ability to manage the economy.
 mission 名   ミッション、使命  Salisbury sent him on a diplomatic mission to North America.
 moreover 副   その上  She saw that there was indeed a man immediately behind her.Moreover, he was observing her strangely.
 negotiable  形  交渉の余地がある  He warned that his economic program for the country was not negotiable.
 numerous  形  たくさんの  Sex crimes were just as numerous as they are today.
 objective  客観的な He had no objective evidence that anything extraordinary was happening.
 omit  動  除く  Omit the salt in this recipe.
 ongoing  形  継続している  There is an ongoing debate on the issue.
 overdue  形  期限の過ぎた  This debate is long overdue.
 periodically  名  定期的に  The walls would be lined with books and periodicals.
physical   形  物質的な Physical activity promotes good health. 
 potential 形   潜在能力  The company has identified 60 potential customers.
 practical  形 実践的な   …practical suggestions on how to increase the fiber in your daily diet.
 predictable  形  予想できる  This was a predictable reaction, given the bitter hostility between the two countries.
 prescribe  動  処方する  The physician examines the patient then diagnoses the disease and prescribes medication.
 prevent   動  防ぐ  Further treatment will prevent cancer from developing.
productive  形   生産的な  Training makes workers highly productive.
 prohibit  動  禁止する  Fishing is prohibited.
 promising 形   見込みのある  A school has honored one of its brightest and most promising former students.
 random  形  無作為な  The survey used a random sample of two thousand people across the Midwest.
 recognition  名  認識  He searched for a sign of recognition on her face, but there was none.
 reform  名  改善する The party embarked on a program of economic reform. 
 refreshment  名  軽食  Lunch and refreshments will be provided.
 remark  動  述べる  I remarked that I would go shopping that afternoon.
 represent  動  代表する  …Richard Bolling, a Democrat who represented Missouri in Congress.
 revise  動 見直す   With time he came to revise his opinion of the profession.
 reward  名  報い  A bonus of up to five percent can be added to a student’s final exam score as a reward for good spelling, punctuation, and grammar.
 scenery 名   風景  …the island’s spectacular scenery.
 screen  動 選別する   The series is likely to be screened in January.
 shower  名  シャワー  She heard him turn on the shower.
 souvenir 名  お土産   …a souvenir of the summer of 1992.
 spacious 形   広々とした  The house has a spacious kitchen and dining area.
 specific 形    特定の  Massage may help to increase blood flow to specific areas of the body.
 steadily  形 しっかりと   Despite the steady progress of building work, the campaign against it is still going strong.  
 store  動  保存する  Store the cookies in an airtight tin.
 strictly  副   厳しく  He seemed fond of her in a strictly professional way.
 sufficient  形 十分な   One yard of fabric is sufficient to cover the exterior of an 18-in.-diameter hatbox.
 supervision  名  管理、監督  A toddler requires close supervision and firm control at all times.
 survey  名  調査する  The council conducted a survey of the uses to which farm buildings are put.
unless  接続   〜しない限り  We cannot understand disease unless we understand the person who has the disease.
 vacuum  名  空虚 His presence should fill the power vacuum that has been developing over the past few days. 
 visible  形 見える  The warning lights were clearly visible. 
 warehouse  名 倉庫   –
widespread 広く行き渡った There is widespread support for the new proposals.

4. 目標スコア800点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

 単語  品詞  意味  例文
abolish 廃止する   An Illinois House committee voted Thursday to abolish the death penalty.
accumulate 動   蓄積する Lead can accumulate in the body until toxic levels are reached.
accuracy   正確さ  Every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of all information given in this leaflet.
 acquisition  名  企業買収  …the acquisition of a profitable paper recycling company.
 acute 形   (事態が)重大な  The war has aggravated an acute economic crisis.
address 動   述べる  He is due to address a conference on human rights next week.
 adequate  形  十分な  One in four people worldwide are without adequate homes.
 administration  名  管理、経営、運営  Too much time is spent on administration.
 amend  動  (議案等を)修正する  The president agreed to amend the constitution and allow multi-party elections.
assemble   動  組み立てる  There wasn’t even a convenient place for students to assemble between classes.
 assume  動  思い込む、仮定する  It is a misconception to assume that the two continents are similar. 
 attempt  動  試みる  The only time that we attempted to do something like that was in the city of Philadelphia.
 attention  名  注目  You have my undivided attention.
 attract  動  魅了する  The Cardiff Bay project is attracting many visitors.
 authentic  形  本物の  …authentic Italian food.
 author 名   書き手、著者  …Jill Phillips, author of the book “Give Your Child Music.”
 bin  名  ゴミ箱  …big steel storage bins.
 cardboard  名  厚紙  …a cardboard box.
 cause  名  原因  Smoking is the biggest preventable cause of death and disease.
 compile 動   編集する  The book took 10 years to compile.
 complement  動  補完する  Nutmeg, parsley and cider all complement the flavor of these beans well.
 consequence  名  結果  Her lawyer said she understood the consequences of her actions and was prepared to go to jail.
 courtesy 名   礼儀  …a gentleman who behaves with the utmost courtesy towards ladies.
 dormitory  名  (学校の)寮  She lived in a college dormitory.
 emphasize  動  強調する  But it’s also been emphasized that no major policy changes can be expected to come out of the meeting.
 examine  動  調査する  He examined her passport and stamped it.
 extraordinary  形  驚くほど  We’ve made extraordinary progress as a society in that regard.
 fair  形  公平な  It didn’t seem fair to leave out her father.
 fire  動  解雇する If he hadn’t been so good at the rest of his job, I probably would have fired him. 
 flyer  名  フライヤー、チラシ  Thousands of flyers advertising the tour were handed out during the festival.
 full-time  形  正規雇用の  …a full-time job.
 genuine  形  正真正銘の  There was a risk of genuine refugees being returned to Vietnam.  
 identical  形  同一の  The three bombs were virtually identical.
 implement  動  実行する  The government promised to implement a new system to control financial loan institutions.
inbound   形  本国行の、インバウンド  …a special inbound flight from Honduras.
 inconvenience  名  不便さ  We apologize for any inconvenience caused during the repairs.
 indispensable 形   絶対必要な  She was becoming indispensable to him.
 inevitable  形  避けられない  If the case succeeds, it is inevitable that other trials will follow.
 intellectual 形   知的な  High levels of lead could damage the intellectual development of children.
 intermediate 形   中級の  Do you make any intermediate stops between your home and work?
 interval  名  インターバル、休息  The process is repeated after a short interval of time.
 leading  形  先導する  …a leading member of the city’s Sikh community.
 lift  動  持ち上げる  The colonel lifted the phone and dialed his superior.
 malfunction  動 故障   The radiation can damage microprocessors and computer memories, causing them to malfunction.
 mandatory  形  義務の  …the mandatory retirement age of 65.
 manuscript  名   原稿  He had seen a manuscript of the book.
 masterpiece  名  傑作 His book, I must add, is a masterpiece. 
 merge  動 結合する   Bank of America merged with a rival bank.
 nearby  副  近くに  He might easily have been seen by someone who lived nearby.
 nearly  副  ほとんど Goldsworth stared at me in silence for nearly twenty seconds. 
 observance  名  遵守  County governments should use their powers to ensure strict observance of laws.
 occasional  形  時々の  I’ve had occasional mild headaches all my life.
 outbound  形  外国行の、アウトバウンド Airport officials say at least 20 outbound flights were delayed. 
 oversight  名  見落とし、手落ち  William was angered and embarrassed by his oversight.
 part-time  形  非正規雇用の  Many businesses are cutting back by employing lower-paid part-time workers.
 postpone  動 延期する   He decided to postpone the expedition until the following day.
 profound  形  心からの ..discoveries which had a profound effect on many areas of medicine. 
 property  名  財産  Richard could easily destroy her personal property to punish her for walking out on him.
 prospect  名  見通し  The prospects for peace in the country’s eight-year civil war are becoming brighter.
 prosper  動  繁栄  His business continued to prosper.
 quote  動  引用する He quoted Mr.Polay as saying that peace negotiations were already underway. 
 rear  (車等の)後部  He settled back in the rear of the taxi.
 recall  動  思い出す Henderson recalled that he first met Pollard during a business trip to Washington.  
 recipe  名  レシピ …a traditional recipe for buttermilk biscuits. 
 recollect  動  思い出す  Ramona spoke with warmth when she recollected the doctor who used to be at the community hospital.
 rectangular  形  長方形  …a rectangular table.
 response  名   反応  There has been no response to his remarks from the government.
 restrict  動  制限する  There is talk of raising the admission requirements to restrict the number of students on campus.
 retain  動  維持する  The interior of the shop still retains a nineteenth-century atmosphere.
 retire  動  退職する  At the age when most people retire, he is ready to face a new career.
 scatter 動   散らかす  She tore the rose apart and scattered the petals over the grave.
 sensitive  形  繊細な  The classroom teacher must be sensitive to a child’s needs.
 serial  名  連続的な  …one of television’s most popular serials.
 soak  動  浸す  Soak the beans for 2 hours.
 soar  動  高騰する Insurance claims are expected to soar. 
 sophisticated  形  洗礼された  Honeybees use one of the most sophisticated communication systems of any insect.
 splendid  形  見事な  The book includes a wealth of splendid photographs.
 square  名  正方形  Serve the cake warm or at room temperature, cut in squares.
 stake  動  利害  He has staked his political future on an election victory.
 standstill  名  停止、行き詰まり  Abruptly the group ahead of us came to a standstill.
 staples  名  ホチキス  –
 stationary  形  静止している  Stationary cars in traffic jams cause a great deal of pollution.
 subsequent  形  その次の  …the increase of population in subsequent years.
 surplus  名  余剰  …countries where there is a surplus of labor.
 timeline 名   タイムライン  The timeline shows important events from the Earth’s creation to the present day.
 transact  動  (取引等を)行う  This would free them to transact business across state lines.
 transcript  名  (スピーチ原稿等の)写し  A transcript of this PBS program is available through our website, pbs.com.
 transfer  動  移転する  Transfer the meat to a platter and leave in a warm place.
 tuition  名  授業料  Angela’s $7,000 tuition at university this year will be paid for with scholarships.
 uncover  動  あらわにする  Auditors said they had uncovered evidence of fraud.
 undertake  動 引き受ける   She undertook the task of monitoring the elections.
 unlikely  形  〜しそうにない   As with many technological revolutions, you are unlikely to be aware of it.
upward   形  上へ向かう  She started once again on the steep upward climb.
 valid  形 有効な   They put forward many valid reasons for not exporting.
 vast  形  莫大な  …Afrikaner farmers who own vast stretches of land.
 venue  名  会場  The International Convention Centre is the venue for a three-day arts festival.
 waive  動  (権利・要求等を)放棄する He pleaded guilty to the murders of three boys and waived his right to appeal. 
 warranty  名  保証書  …a twelve-month warranty.
 wholesale  名  卸売り Warehouse clubs allow members to buy goods at wholesale prices. 
zip code (米英語)郵便番号 Type your street address and zip code.

5. 目標スコア900点のためのTOEIC頻出単語

単語 品詞 意味 例文
abandon 捨て去る If you abandon a place, thing, or person, you leave the place, thing, or person permanently or for a long time, especially when you should not do so. 
abbreviate (文字等を)短縮する The creators of the original X-Men abbreviated the title of its sequel to simply X2.
adhere 順守する All members of the association adhere to a strict code of practice.
adjacent 近隣の He sat in an adjacent room and waited.
advocate 提唱する Mr.Williams is a conservative who advocates fewer government controls on business.
aggravate さらに悪化させる Stress and lack of sleep can aggravate the situation.
arbitrary 任意に Arbitrary arrests and detention without trial were common.
attribute (結果を)〜に帰する Women tend to attribute their success to external causes such as luck.
barrel The wine is aged for almost a year in oak barrels.
blueprint 青写真 The president will offer delegates his blueprint for the country’s future.
capacity 容量、キャパシティ Our capacity for giving care, love, and attention is limited.
cease 中断する At one o’clock the rain had ceased.
commence 開始する The academic year commences at the beginning of October.
debate ディベート、議論 There has been a lot of debate among scholars about this.
decline 減少する The number of staff has declined from 217,000 to 114,000.
delegate (会・組織の)代表者 The Canadian delegate offered no reply.
deny 否定する She denied both accusations. 
diagnose 診断する The soldiers were diagnosed as having flu.
disclose 開示する Neither side would disclose details of the transaction.
dismiss (考えなどを)捨てる Mr.Wakeham dismissed the reports as speculation.
dynamic 活動的な、ダイナミックな He seemed a dynamic and energetic leader.
eligible 適格な Almost half the population are eligible to vote in today’s election.
embrace 抱きしめる Penelope came forward and embraced her sister.
empower 権限を与える The army is now empowered to operate on a shoot-to-kill basis.
enable 〜を可能にさせる The new test should enable doctors to detect the disease early.
encounter 出くわす Every day of our lives we encounter major and minor stresses of one kind or another.
enhance 拡張する The White House is eager to protect and enhance that reputation.
ensure 確実にする、保証する We must ensure that all patients have access to high quality care.
entail 必然的に伴う Such a decision would entail a huge political risk in the midst of the presidential campaign.
enthusiasm 情熱 Their skill and enthusiasm has gotten them on the team.
exceed 超える Its research budget exceeds $700 million a year.
excursion 小旅行 In Bermuda, Sam’s father took him on an excursion to a coral barrier.
exempt 免除されて Men in college were exempt from military service.
expenditure 支出 Policies of tax reduction must lead to reduced public expenditure.
flagship 旗艦 The company plans to open a flagship store in New York this month.
forthcoming 今度の …his opponents in the forthcoming elections.
fragile もろい The fragile economies of several southern African nations could be irreparably damaged.
framework フレームワーク …within the framework of federal regulations.
garment 衣服 Many of the garments have the customers’ name tags sewn into the linings.
gaze 凝視する Sitting in his wicker chair, he gazed reflectively at the fire.
horizontal 水平の The board consists of vertical and horizontal lines.
housekeeper 家政婦
hype 誇大広告 We are certainly seeing a lot of hype by some companies.
incentive インセンティブ There is little or no incentive to adopt such measures.
incur (負債・損失等を)負う、受ける The government had also incurred huge debts.
insurance 保険 The house was a total loss and the insurance company promptly paid us the policy limit.
intermission 休止、中断 …during the intermission of the musical “Steppin’ Out.”
labor 労働 …the labor of hauling the rocks away.
ladder はしご He climbed the ladder to the next deck.
lamppost 街灯
levy 徴税 …an annual levy on all drivers.
liaison 連絡、接触 Liaison between police forces and the art world is vital to combat art crime.
lighthouse 灯台
milestone マイルストーン、目印 He said the launch of the party represented a milestone in Zambian history.
monetary 金銭的な Some countries tighten monetary policy to avoid inflation.
mortgage 住宅ローン …an increase in mortgage rates.
mow 刈る He continued to mow the lawn and do other routine chores.
negligence 怠慢 The soldiers were ordered to appear before a disciplinary council on charges of negligence.
nominal 名目の As he was still not allowed to run a company, his wife became its nominal head.
outnumber (数が)上回る …a town where men outnumber women four to one.
owe (金品を)借りている The company owes money to more than 60 banks.
patent パテント、特許 P&G applied for a patent on its cookies.
pottery 陶磁器 …a fine range of pottery.
precedent 先例 The trial could set an important precedent for dealing with similar cases.
premium プレミアム At the premium end of the market, business is booming.
prerequisite 必要不可欠なもの Good self-esteem is a prerequisite for a happy life.
principal 形  主要な The principal reason for my change of mind is this.
promote 促進する You don’t have to sacrifice environmental protection to promote economic growth.
proofread 校正する I didn’t even have the chance to proofread my own report.
prototype 試作品、プロトタイプ Chris Retzler has built a prototype of a machine called the wave rotor.
provisional 暫定的な …the possibility of setting up a provisional coalition government.  
reconcile 和解させる It’s difficult to reconcile the demands of my job and the desire to be a good father.
redundant 不必要な Changes in technology may mean that once-valued skills are now redundant.
reimburse (費用等を)払い戻す I’ll be happy to reimburse you for any expenses you’ve had.
remit 送金する Many immigrants regularly remit money to their families.
remuneration 報酬 …the continuing marked increases in the remuneration of the company’s directors.
roughly おおよそ His hands were rough and callused, from years of karate practice.
sip (一口)飲む Jessica sipped her drink thoughtfully.
sluggish 停滞 The economy remains sluggish.
slump スランプ Net profits slumped by 41%.
spectator 見物人 Thirty thousand spectators watched the final game.
stroll ぶらつく He collected some orange juice from the refrigerator and, glass in hand, strolled to the kitchen window.
subsidiary 支社、支店 WM Financial Services is a subsidiary of Washington Mutual.
subsidy (国家の)補助金 European farmers are planning a massive demonstration against farm subsidy cuts.
supplement サプリメント …a multiple vitamin and mineral supplement.
surcharge 追加料金 The government introduced a 15% surcharge on imports.
sustain 維持する He has sustained his fierce social conscience from young adulthood through old age.
tranquil のどかな The tranquil atmosphere of the inn allows guests to feel totally at home.
tribute ささげ物 The song is a tribute to Roy Orbison.
trustee 保管人 The trustees of your pension fund decide which fund manager will invest some or all of your future income.
unconditionally 無条件で Children need unconditional love from their parents.
undergo (苦難等に)耐える New recruits have been undergoing training in recent weeks.
undermine むしばむ Offering advice on each and every problem will undermine her feeling of being adult.
utmost 最大の It is a matter of the utmost urgency to find out what has happened to these people.
vehicle 乗り物 …a vehicle that was somewhere between a tractor and a truck.
versatile 多才な He had been one of the game’s most versatile athletes.
vertical 垂直の The climber inched up a vertical wall of rock.
violate (法律等を)犯す They went to prison because they violated the law.
voucher 商品券 The winners will each receive a voucher for a pair of movie tickets.
yield (農作物等を)産出する Last year 400,000 acres of land yielded a crop worth $1.75 billion.

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コメント

  1. chachamaru より:

    いつもお世話になっております、為になるウエブサイトですよねーここは。
    余り大した問題じゃないけど、Objectiveが主観的という意味になっていました。
    客観的と入れ間違えただけだと思いますが、お知らせまで。

  2. 田邉竜彦 より:

    いつもご覧いただきありがとうございます。ご指摘の通り誤りだったため、訂正いたしました。今後ともトイグルをよろしくお願いします。

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